ThinkSpatial: André Bruggmann

Oct 20, 2016 • Categories: Event | ThinkSpatial

On Tuesday, November 29, 2016 The UCSB brown-bag forum on spatial thinking presents “Ontology and Epistemology of Indoor Manufacturing Environments” André Bruggmann GIScience Center, Department of Geography University of Zurich 12:00 p.m. Tuesday, November 29, 2016 | 3512 Phelps Hall (map) View Flyer Abstract: The wealth of information stored in large online text archives, such as Google Books, makes it difficult for information seekers to access relevant information and detect and explore hidden patterns in the data. In my talk, illustrate how this challenge can be addressed by following a typical GIScience approach. Bruggmann focuses on how spatio‐temporal and thematic information and interconnections implicitly stored in large online text archives can be made explicit, and examines how this might help information seekers learn and gain new insight into space, time, and theme. He investigated a typical digital text archive in the humanities. Indeed, text documents in the humanities are particularly interesting to GIScience because they contain significant spatial, temporal, and thematic information, which has been mostly untapped for spatio‐temporal and thematic analyses thus far. The approach he presents encompasses three stages: (1) the automatic retrieval of spatio‐temporal and thematic information from semi‐structured text documents (i.e., geographic information retrieval); (2) the transformation of the retrieved information and the visualization of interesting spatio‐temporal and thematic structures and interconnections (i.e., spatialization); and (3) the user‐centered design and evaluation of two web tools used to explore space, time, and theme interactively (i.e., geovisual analytics). Evaluating web tools shows that they support target users exploring the humanities from a spatio‐temporal and thematic perspective and reveals the potential of applying this approach to other large online data archives to help users interactively learn about space, time, and theme. Bio: André Bruggmann is a Ph.D. candidate at the GIScience Center of the Geography Department at the University of Zurich, Switzerland. He received his BSc and MSc in Geography from the University of Zurich. Bruggmann focuses on geographic information visualization and analysis and is particularly interested in geovisual analytics, spatialization, geographic information retrieval, and the digital humanities. His research is situated at the nexus of geography and the humanities, and he investigates methods to automatically retrieve, transform, and interactively visualize spatio temporal and thematic data in large digital text archives. — The objectives of the ThinkSpatial brown-bag presentations are to exchange ideas about spatial perspectives in research and teaching, to broaden communication and cooperation across disciplines among faculty and graduate students, and to encourage the sharing of tools and concepts. Please contact Werner Kuhn (805-893-8224, kuhn@geog.ucsb.edu) to review and schedule possible discussion topics or presentations that share your disciplinary interest in spatial thinking. Follow spatial@ucsb on Facebook | Twitter | Google+ | Google...

Thinkspatial: Ben Halpern

Oct 19, 2016 • Categories: Event | ThinkSpatial

On Tuesday, November 1, 2016 The UCSB brown-bag forum on spatial thinking presents “Mapping Global Hotspots of Ocean Aquaculture” Ben Halpern NCEAS University of California, Santa Barbara 12:00 p.m. Tuesday, November 1, 2016 | 3512 Phelps Hall (map)    View Flyer  Abstract: The human population is expected to reach nearly 10 billion people by 2050, and its appetite for protein is predicted to exceed that growth. With wild fish catch plateauing or declining, one of the few and most sustainable ways to meet that demand is marine offshore aquaculture. I will present results from an ongoing SNAPP (Science for Nature and People Partnership) initiative focused on offshore aquaculture in which we explored and mapped the potential for aquaculture growth, highlighting hotspot locations for both finfish and shellfish. This work highlights the prospects for science to actively help determine and communicate the most sound conservation and sustainable expansion of this food resource. Bio: Ben Halpern is the Director of the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS) and Professor in the Bren School of Environmental Science and Management at UC Santa Barbara. He is also Chair in Marine Conservation at Imperial College London and serves as the Director of the Center for Marine Assessment and Planning (CMAP) at UC Santa Barbara. He received his Ph.D. in marine ecology in 2003 from UC Santa Barbara and then held a joint post‐doctoral fellowship at NCEAS and the Smith Fellowship Program. He was a Research Associate at NCEAS for the decade following that until joining the faculty at the Bren School. Halpern focuses his research at the interface between marine ecology and conservation planning. He has led and participated in several key synthetic research projects that have advanced our understanding of the state of the world’s oceans and the potential for marine reserves to improve ocean condition. In particular, he has led the development and mapping of cumulative impact assessments at global and regional scales in marine and freshwater systems and has been the lead scientist for the Ocean Health Index project. He also leads the SNAPP working group on Sustainable Offshore Aquaculture. In the past 15 years Halpern has published nearly 150 peer‐reviewed articles and was recently named one of the World’s Most Influential Scientific Minds by Thompson‐Reuters and awarded the A.G Huntsman Award for Excellence in Marine Science by the Royal Society of Canada. — The objectives of the ThinkSpatial brown-bag presentations are to exchange ideas about spatial perspectives in research and teaching, to broaden communication and cooperation across disciplines among faculty and graduate students, and to encourage the sharing of tools and concepts. Please contact Werner Kuhn (805-893-8224, kuhn@geog.ucsb.edu) to review and schedule possible discussion topics or presentations that...

Thinkspatial: Johannes Scholz

Oct 12, 2016 • Categories: Event | ThinkSpatial

On Tuesday, October 25, 2016 The UCSB brown-bag forum on spatial thinking presents “Ontology and Epistemology of Indoor Manufacturing Environments” Johannes Scholz Graz University of Technology Institute of Geodesy, Research Group Geoinformation 12:00 p.m. Tuesday, October 25, 2016 | 3512 Phelps Hall (map) View Flyer Abstract: Contemporary spatial information systems concentrate on the outdoor space, while humans and things reside both indoors and outdoors Klepeis et al. (2001) report that humans spend approximately 87% of their time indoors. In recent years, GIScience has been focusing on indoor spaces. This resulted in contributions ranging from positioning approaches, indoor tracking of humans and objects, to ontologies of indoor environments and modeling of human behavior.   In this talk, Scholz will highlight the special case of indoor manufacturing environments, using a semiconductor manufacturing plant as an example. In this context, GIScience can contribute to Industry 4.0 or smart manufacturing initiatives. He will elaborate on modeling the indoor manufacturing space with the help of ontologies and affordance-based approaches. In addition, the interaction between humans, manufacturing devices and production assets are of particular interest, as production assets are manipulated by humans. As a result, workers in the facility could be supported in their decision-making process and the production could be optimized.   Bio: Johannes Scholz is an Assistant Professor at Graz University of Technology, Austria, Institute of Geodesy, Research Group Geoinformation. He was previously Senior Researcher at the Research Studios Austria—a non-profit research institution—Associate Faculty of the Doctoral College of University of Salzburg, Austria, and PostDoc at the Institute of Geoinformation, Vienna University of Technology, Austria. Johannes received his Ph.D. in Geodesy and Geoinformation from Graz University of Technology. He holds a Dipl.-Ing. (FH) in Geoinformation from School of Geoinformation, Carinthia University of Applied Sciences. Johannes teaching includes courses on GIS, spatial databases, spatial analysis, spatial optimization, and mobile GIS & LBS. Johannes’ research interests lie in the areas of modeling indoor space, ontologies, and semantics, Linked (Open) Data, geolinguistics, and spatial optimization focusing on transport planning. He serves as reviewer for numerous journals in the field of GIScience, served as member of the organizing committee of Linked Open Data Workshop @ GIScience 2014, and is a member of the program committee of AGIT and GI Forum conferences and journals. — The objectives of the ThinkSpatial brown-bag presentations are to exchange ideas about spatial perspectives in research and teaching, to broaden communication and cooperation across disciplines among faculty and graduate students, and to encourage the sharing of tools and concepts. Please contact Werner Kuhn (805-893-8224, kuhn@geog.ucsb.edu) to review and schedule possible discussion topics or presentations that share your disciplinary interest in spatial thinking. Follow spatial@ucsb on Facebook | Twitter | Google+ | Google...

Thinkspatial: Jeffrey Hoelle

Oct 6, 2016 • Categories: Event | ThinkSpatial

The UCSB brown-bag forum on spatial thinking presents Forest, Weeds, and Hair: Nature, Culture, and the Management of “Covers” in Amazonia Jeffrey Hoelle Department of Anthropology University of California, Santa Barbara 12:00 p.m. Tuesday, October 11, 2016 | 3512 Phelps Hall (map) View Flyer Abstract Amazonian deforestation is measured and monitored through the analysis of two principal land cover categories—forest and non-forest. These covers are defined by geo-spatial properties, such as density, height, boundaries, and edges. In this presentation, Hoelle extends the concept of cover to other Amazonian settings where the forest and other forms of nature, such as weeds and hair, are managed, cultivated or groomed. Drawing on interviews and mapping exercises he examines conceptual categories and cover patterns in rural farms and ranches; the remote forest reserve of the rubber tappers; urban homes, parks, cemeteries, and public spaces; and beauty salons and barber shops. Hoelle discusses how local perceptions of “clean” humanized spaces are valued over natural covers, which are seen as dirty, threatening, or backward. Global environmental change is commonly understood to be caused by human actions on an external or distant nature, but he argues for attention to the daily practices, ideologies of nature, and structural inequalities that influence human-environment interactions from the contested Amazon rainforest to our own landscapes, lawns, and bodies. Bio Jeffrey Hoelle is an assistant professor of Anthropology and faculty affiliate in Environmental Studies Geography, and Latin American and Iberian Studies at UCSB. His research examines human-environment interactions in the Brazilian Amazon. He is the author of Rainforest Cowboys: The Rise of Ranching and Cattle Culture in Western Amazonia, which won the 2016 Book Award from the Latin American Studies Association’s Brazil Section. — The objectives of the ThinkSpatial brown-bag presentations are to exchange ideas about spatial perspectives in research and teaching, to broaden communication and cooperation across disciplines among faculty and graduate students, and to encourage the sharing of tools and concepts. Please contact Werner Kuhn (805-893-8224, kuhn@geog.ucsb.edu) to review and schedule possible discussion topics or presentations that share your disciplinary interest in spatial thinking. Follow spatial@ucsb on Facebook | Twitter | Google+ | Google...

Center for Spatial Studies activities at Spatial Cognition 2016

Aug 15, 2016 • Categories: Event | News

The recent Spatial Cognition 2016 conference was held in Philadelphia, PA from August 2–5, 2016. Conference organizers Mary Hegarty (UCSB Professor of Psychological and Brain Sciences, and Associate Director of the Center for Spatial Studies), Christoph Hölscher (ETH Zurich Professor of Cognitive Science), Dan Montello (UCSB Professor of Geography), and Nora S. Newcombe (Temple University Professor of Psychology and PI of SILC) brought together scholars in spatial cognition research from a variety of fields, including psychology, computer science, geography, linguistics, and anthropology. Conference sessions included paper presentations on development and education, individual differences, navigation, and language and space. A paper by Werner Kuhn, (Director of the Center for Spatial Studies) on “Conceptualizing Space” was the impetus for a panel discussion in which he participated along with Nora Newcombe, Dan Montello, and Anjan Chatterjee (University of Pennsylvania Professor and Chair of Neurology), on how the core concepts of spatial information for computation could be formulated in terms of human spatial concepts. Margaret Tarampi, postdoctoral researcher with the Center, presented a poster on comparing performance using paper-and-pencil versus computer-based assessments of spatial ability. Also from UCSB, Psychological and Brain Sciences Ph.D. candidate Alex Boone presented a paper on individual differences in navigation using the Dual Solution Paradigm, as well as a poster on the effect of verbal instructions in visually communicating uncertainty in hurricane forecasts. UCSB Assistant Professor of Geography Liz Chrastil participated in a panel discussion on using virtual reality in study navigation and presented a paper on the neural mechanisms of human path...